Though located in New York, Fort Ticonderoga played an important role in the development and settling of Vermont. Samuel de Champlain, the person for whom Lake Champlain is named, discovered the area that would later become Vermont. Around the same time, another explorer came to the Vermont area by way of the Hudson River, whose name also comes from that of its explorer. For decades, the land that would eventually become Vermont stood as a buffer between these two countries, both unsure about laying claim to the land.
The French built Fort Carillon right on the southern tip of Lake Champlain. It was built in a star shape so anyone within the fort had a clear shot at potential invaders. The walls were built tall and strong; the French had full confidence in Fort Carillon's impregnability.
The fort's strength would be tested in 1758 when British forces attacked the fort. The French successfully repelled them, but Britain's second attack the following year proved too much for the French to handle. The British captured Fort Carillon, renaming it Fort Ticonderoga. The British continued north and eventually captured Quebec City.